Cavallotti, Felice

   A picturesque figure much given to duels with his political rivals, Felice Cavallotti nevertheless played an important political role in liberal Italy. Aradical, a democrat, and a republican, Cavallotti took part in Giuseppe Garibaldi’s expedition to Sicily in 1860 when he was barely an adolescent. After a career as a poet, playwright, and editor—in his native Milan—of the leading radical daily of the time, Il Gazzettino rosa (The Pink Gazette), he entered Parliamentin 1873 and soon became one of the leading critics of Agostino Depretis’s reluctance to carry out social reforms. In 1879, he and Garibaldi founded the Lega della democrazia/ League for Democracy. As leader of that body, he fought a fruitless battle for universal male suffrage, repression of the clergy, decentralization of the state administration, and improvements in public hygiene (he worked as a volunteer in Naplesin 1884 when the city was stricken by cholera). He was a prominent figure in the irredentist movement and took an active role in the protests against Austrian rule in Trieste and, more generally, was strongly critical of the Italian government’s link with Germany and Austria in the Triple Alliance. In 1886, he became leader of the radical party in Parliament. By then, he was Garibaldi’s heir apparent in the public imagination, and he campaigned against political corruption and took an active part in the parliamentary investigation into the Banca Romana scandal. In June 1895, in the wake of the scandal, he published an open letter addressed to “the honest people of all parties” that contained a richly documented account of the corruption of the then prime minister, Francesco Crispi. Rather than debate Cavallotti’s accusations in the Chamber of Deputies, Crispi and his supporters voted to close Parliament for six months. In the 1890s, Cavallotti and the Radicals united with the Republicans to press for social reforms of a more explicitly socialist character, but Cavallotti never quite arrived at an open endorsement of the nascent workers’movement. Cavallotti was killed in his 32nd duel in 1898 by a fellow parliamentary deputy, Ferruccio Macola.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Cavallotti, Felice — ▪ Italian journalist and politician born December 6, 1842, Milan [Italy] died March 6, 1898, Rome       left wing, antimonarchist journalist and political leader, sometimes called Italy s “Poet of the Democracy.”       In 1860 he joined the… …   Universalium

  • Cavallotti — Cavallotti, Felice, ital. Dichter, geb. 6. Nov. 1842 in Mailand, gefallen im Duell 6. März 1898 in Rom, schrieb schon als zwölfjähriger Knabe Verse gegen die Deutschen, verfaßte Anfang 1860 das Büchlein »Germania e Italia« und nahm ohne Vorwissen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cavallotti — Cavallotti, Felice, ital. Dichter, geb. 6. Nov. 1842 zu Mailand, revolutionärer Publizist, Parlamentsmitglied, Irredentist, gest. 6. März 1898; schrieb Lyrisches und Dramen (»Commedie«, 1884 fg.), »Opere« (8 Bde., 1881 89) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Felice Cavallotti — Infobox Person | name =Felice Cavallotti other names = caption =Monument to Felice Cavallotti at Verbania. birth date =birth date|1842|11|6|mf=y birth place = Milan, Italy death date =death date and age|1898|3|6|1842|11|6|mf=y death place = Rome… …   Wikipedia

  • Felice Cavallotti — Monument à la mémoire de Felice Cavallotti érigé à Verbania (Piémont). Felice Carlo Emmanuelle Cavallotti (né le 6 décembre 1842 à Milan, dans l actuelle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hotel Cavallotti & Giotto — (Монтекатини Терме,Италия) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Via …   Каталог отелей

  • Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …   Universalium

  • Crispi, Francesco — (1819–1901)    Almost alone of the major figures who created the Italian state, Francesco Crispi was a southerner, from Agrigento in Sicily. He took an active role in the Palermo uprising in 1848 and was subject to political persecution both in… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Καβαλότι, Φελίτσε — (Felice Cavallotti, Μιλάνο 1842 – Ρώμη 1898). Ιταλός συγγραφέας και πολιτικός. Ήταν συμπολεμιστής του Γκαριμπάλντι, ενώ εργάστηκε ως αρθρογράφος σε εφημερίδες της αντιπολίτευσης. Το 1873 εξελέγη βουλευτής και ηγήθηκε συνασπισμού των προοδευτικών… …   Dictionary of Greek

  • Francesco Crispi — 17th and 20th Prime Minister of Italy In office July 29, 1887 – February 6, 1891 Monarch Umberto I Preceded …   Wikipedia

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